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Beyond Perspiration: The Science Behind Hyperhidrosis and Ways to Beat It

Posted on: January 16, 2024

Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition characterized by excessive sweating. It is also known as polyhidrosis or sudorrhea. The condition can affect any part of the body, but it usually affects the armpits, palms, soles of the feet, and face.

Common Areas Affected

The most common areas affected by hyperhidrosis are the hands, feet, armpits, and face. The palms and soles of the feet are especially prone to excessive sweating due to their high concentration of sweat glands. Other areas that may be affected include the groin area, chest, back, scalp, and neck.


The exact cause of hyperhidrosis is unknown but it is believed to be related to overactivity in the sympathetic nervous system. This system regulates our body’s involuntary functions such as heart rate and sweating. In people with hyperhidrosis, this system is overly active which leads to excessive sweating. Other potential causes include hormonal imbalances, medications, certain medical conditions such as diabetes or thyroid problems, and certain foods or beverages.

Symptoms of Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition characterized by excessive sweating. People with this condition may experience sweat that is out of proportion to the temperature or activity level. The symptoms of hyperhidrosis can range from mild to severe and vary depending on the individual.

Excessive Sweating

The most common symptom of hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating, which usually occurs in specific areas such as the hands, feet, face, armpits, and groin. This type of sweating can be so severe that it causes visible sweat stains on clothing and dripping onto surfaces. It can also cause skin irritation due to the constant wetness.

Soaking Through Clothing

Another common symptom of this condition is soaking through clothing. This happens when the sweat accumulates on the surface of the skin and then soaks through clothing. This can cause discomfort for those affected by hyperhidrosis as well as embarrassment when in public or social situations.

Discomfort and Embarrassment

In addition to physical symptoms, people with hyperhidrosis may also experience psychological symptoms such as discomfort and embarrassment due to their excessive sweating. This can lead to social anxiety and avoidance of certain activities or situations in order to prevent further embarrassment or discomfort.

Hyperhidrosis can be caused by underlying health conditions such as diabetes, menopause, thyroid problems, and low blood sugar.

Underlying Health Conditions

Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition that causes excessive sweating, and it can be caused by underlying health conditions. Some of the most common are diabetes, menopause, thyroid problems, and low blood sugar levels.


Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how your body processes sugar. It can cause an increase in sweat production due to the disruption of the body’s natural balance of hormones. People with diabetes may experience hyperhidrosis as a result of their condition.


Menopause is a natural process that occurs when a woman’s body stops producing eggs and estrogen levels decline. This change in hormone levels can trigger hot flashes and night sweats which can lead to excessive sweating throughout the day.

Thyroid Problems

Thyroid problems are caused by an overactive or underactive thyroid gland which can lead to an imbalance in hormones. This imbalance can cause increased sweat production which leads to hyperhidrosis.

Low Blood Sugar Levels

Low blood sugar levels can cause the body to produce more sweat than usual in order to regulate its temperature. Low blood sugar levels are usually caused by diabetes but can also occur if someone has not eaten for a long period of time or has been exercising strenuously.

Treatment Options

Hyperhidrosis can be managed through a variety of treatments, depending on the severity and underlying cause. Treatments may include managing any underlying health conditions, non-invasive treatments, and surgical treatments.

Managing Underlying Conditions

The first step in treating hyperhidrosis is to manage any underlying health conditions that are causing excessive sweating. This may include controlling diabetes, managing menopause symptoms, or addressing thyroid issues. If low blood sugar levels are the culprit, then dietary changes and regular testing can help to keep levels within the normal range.

Non-Invasive Treatments

If there are no underlying health conditions causing hyperhidrosis, then there are several non-invasive treatment options available. Medications such as anticholinergics or beta blockers can be prescribed to reduce sweating. Botox injections may also be used to temporarily block sweat glands from producing sweat in certain areas of the body. Iontophoresis is another option which uses electrical currents to reduce sweating in the hands and feet. Lastly, antiperspirants containing aluminum chloride hexahydrate can help to reduce sweating when applied regularly.

Surgical Treatments

In more severe cases of hyperhidrosis where other methods have failed to provide relief, surgery may be recommended as a last resort option. Surgery typically involves cutting or removing sweat glands in the affected area and has been found to be effective in reducing sweating for up to 6 years after the procedure. However, it is important to note that there are potential risks involved with any surgery such as infection or nerve damage so it should only be considered if other methods have not provided relief.

Overall, hyperhidrosis can be effectively managed through a variety of treatments depending on the severity and underlying cause of the condition. Managing any underlying health conditions is an important first step in reducing excessive sweating and non-invasive treatments such as medications or Botox injections can provide temporary relief for mild cases of hyperhidrosis. For more severe cases of hyperhidrosis, surgical treatments may be recommended as a last resort option but should only be considered after all other methods have failed to provide relief due to potential risks associated with surgery.


Hyperhidrosis is an uncomfortable and embarrassing condition that can be caused by a variety of underlying health conditions. Fortunately, there are a number of treatment options available for those who suffer from this condition. Managing underlying conditions, such as diabetes or menopause, can help reduce symptoms. Non-invasive treatments, like medications and botox injections, can also help to reduce sweating. For more severe cases, surgical treatments may be required to provide relief. With the right combination of treatments, those with hyperhidrosis can find relief and improve their quality of life.